As part of the common rules of skill development, the hours and cost of training will become uni form. Currently, training courses offered by ministries range from 80 to 675 hours.
As per the new rule, a minimum of 200 hours’ training is required for fresh skilling courses and 80 hours for re-skilling programmes.
The vision of the new skill policy is “to create an ecosystem of empo werment by skilling on a large scale at speed with high standards and to promote a culture of innovationbased entrepreneurship, which can generate wealth and employment so as to ensure sustainable livelihoods for all citizens in the country“, a Cabinet statement said.
The National Skill Development Mission will have a three-tiered, high-powered decision-making structure. At its apex, its governing council, chaired by the Prime Minister, will provide overall guidance and policy direction.
The steering committee, chaired by the minister in charge of skill development, will review the mission’s activities in line with the direction set by the governing council. The mission directorate, with secretary-skill development as mission director, will ensure implementation, coordination and convergence of skilling activities across central ministries and departments as well as state governments. Despite efforts to hasten and scale up skilling through the creation of the National Skill Development Fund in 2009, the launch of the National Skill Development Corporation in the same year, and formation of the National Skill Development Agency in 2013, progress to date has been sporadic. It is estimated that only 4.69% of India’s total workforce has undergone formal skill training, compared with 52% in the USA, 68% in the UK, 75% in Germany, 80% in Japan and 96% in South Korea.
India continues to face a skilling challenge of vast proportions.Based on the 2011 census and National Sample Survey Office data, it is estimated that 104 million fresh entrants to the workforce will require skill training by 2022, and 298 million of the existing workforce will require additional skill training over the same time period.